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Larentalia

(23 December)


Acca Larentia

Larentalia, the Roman festival, was celebrated in honor of the goddess Acca Larentia, the adoptive mother of the twins Romulus and Remus and the wife of Faustulus, a shepherd who found the brothers in a she-wolf burrow. The festival took place on December 23.

They both fed and raised the boys in their household. On December 23, the priest Quirin sacrificed to Manes in the Velabrum Gorge between the Palatine and the Capitoline Hill, where the alleged tomb of Acca Larentia was to be located. Another part of Roman society that day honored Larom, the souls of the dead, worshiped as guardian deities of the home and home happiness, protecting from misfortunes. Larentalia was one of the holidays announcing the end of the old and the beginning of the new year.

Sources

  • Kempiński Andrzej, Encyklopedia mitologii ludów indoeuropejskich, Warszawa 2001
  • Jaczynowska Maria, Religie świata rzymskiego, Warszawa 1987
  • Zieliński Tadeusz, Religia Rzeczypospolitej Rzymskiej

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