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Temple of Trajan-Hadrian in Pergamon

This post is also available in: Polish (polski)

Pergamon (today’s Turkish Bergama) is a wonderful Hellenistic city radiating its culture to the entire east of the Mediterranean in ancient times. The Pergamon Acropolis belonged to the greatest centers of the ancient world. Today, after the most famous Hellenistic monuments of the city from the time of Eumenes II Attalida, the descendant of the diadochs is scarce and basically you can only admire the places where they were.

After the famous Pergamon Library, there is only a trace of foundations, there is no longer in Pergamon the famous Altar of Zeus and Athena, which was built as a votive offering for saving the city from the Galatians. He was dismantled and taken to Berlin (of course you can admire him today). A magnificent theater carved out of the rock has survived, interestingly facing differently than most theaters of antiquity, not towards the sea but the land.

Today the best preserved building of today’s Pergamon is the temple of Trajan-Hadrian, built in the time of Hadrian for the purpose of performing imperial worship. Because here the Romans finally appeared under the famous will of the last ruler of Pergamon Attalos III, who in 133 BCE he handed them over to the Roman Republic. Personally, I was able to visit this place a few years ago as seen in the photo, not in the postcard sun, but during the May storm.

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