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Tombstone of Marcus Caelius

The tombstone of Marcus Caelius, the first centurion of the 18th legion who fell in the Varus’ war – an uprising that broke out in the year 4 BCE in Judea.... Read more

Senators in Egypt

Octavian Augustus imposed on senators and higher rank of eques (equites inlustres) banned entry to the province of Egypt without explicit consent and established the prefect Egypt an equite, not a senator (as was adopted in other provinces). Historians argue... Read more

Animation showing ancient Rome by night

I encourage you to watch the fantastic animation made by the French team CIREVE (Le Center Interdisciplinaire de Réalité Virtuelle), where we can look at what ancient Rome looked like at night. For people who want to see only material... Read more

Romans invented heated floors and central heating

Romans invented heated floors and central heating. They called the system hypocaustum, and it was used for heating homes, public and private baths with hot air. The word literally means “inferno,” from the Greek word hypo – below or below,... Read more

Wonderful Gardens of Maecenas

The famous “Gardens of Maecenas” ( Horti1 Maecenatis), as the name suggests, arose on the initiative of Gaius Cilnius Maecenas, patron of art and culture in ancient Rome at the end of the 1st century BCE. They were one of... Read more

Sub rosa – meaning “secret”

Rose in ancient times had a very important symbolic meaning. This flower was associated with numerous religious rituals, imposing the obligation of secrecy on all persons participating in the ceremony. In ancient Egypt, the rose represented, among others Horus, whom... Read more

Roman dodecahedron

Roman dodecahedron. Looking in such way artifacts dated to the 2nd / 3rd century CE were found throughout Europe from England to Hungary, but most often in today’s France and Germany. To date, however, their function and utility have not... Read more

First libraries in world

The first libraries in the world began to be created in Mesopotamia and Egypt; one of the first and most famous Greek libraries were created at the courts of tyrants – Polycrates on the island of Samos and Peisistratos in... Read more

Realistic reconstruction of Julius Caesar’s image

A realistic reconstruction of the image of Julius Caesar, based on the bust located in the Vatican Museums in Rome.... Read more

What was fashionable in the 2nd century BCE in Rome?

In the 2nd century BCE three people lived in Rome who promoted a lifestyle based on bathing, drinking a falern (tart and strong wine produced in Campania) and eating oysters from Lake Lucrinum in Campania. They were Sergius Orata, a... Read more

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