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Pecunia olet? – first Roman money

Pecunia non olet – money does not stink – according to legend, this word was committed by the emperor Vespasian by cutting off the complaints of his son, Titus, to donate income to the imperial treasury from taxing public toilets.... Read more

Known and unknown Marcomannic Wars: ‘Miracle of rain and lightning miracle’ from 173 CE

The Marcomannic Wars is a series of wars that the Roman Empire waged in the years 167-180 CE with barbarian tribes living in the areas neighbouring its northern borders. During the entire period of the conflict, many ethnically different barbarian... Read more

Transfer of property ownership in ancient Rome

Every Roman owner was entitled to transfer his title to the property, however for the actual transfer to occur there were separate legal procedures required between the transferor and the buyer. Apart from the agreement between the parties involved there... Read more

Treasure from Neupotz

At the turn of 259/260 CE, the Germanic Alaman tribe conquered the Upper Germanic-Rhaetian limes. The evidence of these events is the treasure of Roman metal objects found at the bottom of the Rhine oxbow lake. In the third century... Read more

Pepper in ancient Rome

Feasts of Lucullus are one of the most characteristic topics related to the culture of ancient Rome. However, they could not take place without the most important and most closely related spice – black pepper. It was used as a... Read more


Gabiniani – this name was related to the group of Roman mercenaries fighting for Egyptian kings – Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy XIII. This term was derived from the name of the governor of Syria, Aulus Gabinius, who left in Egypt... Read more

“Caligula’s Kitchen” – historical comedy

Caligula’s Kitchen (cover attached) is a historical comedy in which the fictional Chef Logos, a Greek freedman, works in the kitchen of Emperor Caligula. He tries to prevent Caligula’s murder so that he can stay employed. In the tale that follows,... Read more

How did Octavian Augustus introduce rule of military dictatorship under form of republic?

Octavian Augustus, heir and principal heir of the dictator Julius Caesar, led to another civil war in the result of which removed all rivals to full power. The year 27 BCE is officially recognized as the beginning of the existence... Read more

10 amazing Roman monuments that hardly anyone knows about

Many of us, thinking about ancient Rome and its culture, without hesitation will mention the famous Roman monuments such as Pantheon, Colosseum, triumphal arches, Hadrian’s Wall or the Appian road. However, less well-known monuments have survived to our times, which... Read more

Revolt of Avidius Cassius during reign of Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius (121-180 CE) is considered one of the best, if not the best emperor of Rome. Called the “philosopher on the throne” he conducted prudent rule in a spirit of stoicism, respecting the senate. In 175 CE there was... Read more

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