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Articles


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CONTACT: I encourage you to send articles about the history of ancient Romans. Please contact the author

The Roman state existed in practice for XIII centuries, being the power which was impacting the history. Therefore, I decided that I would tell the history of ancient Rome in the articles below, which will not necessarily cover only the Eternal City.

I encourage you to send articles and point out any corrections or inaccuracies.

Eruption of Mount Vesuvius

In 79 CE Mount Vesuvius (Vesuvio), unexpectedly resumed its eruption activity, covering the area with a hurricane of ashes, lapels, poisonous gases and eruptive materials. At that time, streams of lava mixed with mud were flowing down the slopes of the volcano. (more…)

“Gladiator” – what is true and what is fiction?

General Maximus is the main character of the historical drama “Gladiator” (2000) – which is thought to be one of the best films ever made. The question that every viewer ask is to what extent the plot is consistent with the historical truth. I will try to answer this question. (more…)

Aqueduct in Segovia

One of the best preserved Roman aqueducts to our time is located in Segovia to the northwest from Madrid. Despite the initial dating for the first century CE in 2016 some researches (analysing finds from 1998) were added, which point to completion of a building in first decades of second century during the reign of Trajan or Hadrian. Any bronze letters, which could inform us about construction date or constructor’s name haven’t been preserved.
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Against Republic. Carthaginian-Macedonian alliance against Romans

During the third century B.C.E Rome continually fought other Mediterranean states. The end of the First Punic War left the Punic empire considerably lessened, and many Carthage’s nobles disgruntled with the peace treaty and expansion into Spain. The resulting clash with Rome influenced both the republic and other states that were in conflict with it at the time, e.g. Macedonia. Hannibal’s victories over the legions convinced the Macedonian leader that Romans can be beaten and routed and that an alliance with victorious Carthage would be politically advantageous. (more…)

Wolf. Animal of ancient Rome

The Wolf was an animal of great cult status and was well established in the memory of the ancient Romans. It often influenced the history of Rome, was a respected animal, associated with religious rites, and his motif was often used by Roman writers. (more…)

Amphitheater in Pula

The Roman city Pietas Julia (now Croatian Pula) was a thriving urban center. Trade contributed to this especially because the settlement was erected (even before the arrival of the Romans), on the bay which is an excellent natural port. It was precisely thanks to the economic importance of the Romanum Pietas Julia that it developed, which also resulted in the construction of more and more impressive public buildings, such as temples, baths and cultural facilities. (more…)

Rufus’ military rights

Thanks to the work of Johann Lowenklau, we have the opportunity to get acquainted with the collection of military rights commonly referred to as Rufus’ military rights. This collection was one of the three codices attached to the Eclipse, and it is thanks to the aforementioned German scholar that we have survived to our times.  (more…)